Key Message Update

Increased acute food insecurity in a context of difficult market access

November 2019

November 2019 - January 2020

L'ensemble du pays se trouve en crise et en stress alimentaire (phases 2 et 3 de l'IPC)

February - May 2020

L'ensemble du pays se trouve en crise et en stress alimentaire (phases 2 et 3 de l'IPC)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Livelihoods remain disrupted by socio-political unrest. Poor households must therefore continue to sell seeds and intensify the sale of charcoal among other strategies to maintain their basic food consumption. Food insecurity in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stress (IPC Phase 2) remain throughout the country, with a significant number of households in Crisis.

  • Rain deficits in the last few weeks could possibly lead to lower harvests than what has been forecast so far for the fall season, although this will only be confirmed in the coming weeks. However, the pigeon pea, more resistant to the lack of rain, is beginning to be harvested and bodes well.

  • With the deterioration of the current socio-political situation, the insecurity and the disruption of the roads, traders have difficulties to sell their products and households to access food in the markets.

  • In addition, the income-generating activities of the poorest (petty trade, charcoal sales, rural migration, etc.) are disrupted, although during the last two weeks, the situation tends to stabilize. At the same time, purchasing power is deteriorating in a context of rising prices for staple foods and the depreciation of the exchange rate against the Dominican peso and US dollar.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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