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Overall average rains since January continue to favor the development of spring crops throughout the country. However, farmers' lack of access to inputs will inhibit the positive impacts of the rather favorable rainfall conditions. This forces them to limit their useful area cultivated, negatively impacting production. This is particularly in areas affected by recent shocks such as the North-West, where the March 5 floods significantly damaged the agricultural sector (2,090 ha out of 22 irrigated areas affected, loss of cattle, goats and poultry) estimated at nearly 600 million gourdes, according to the report of the North-West departmental directorate (MARNDR/DDANO, March 2022).
Markets are well supplied with commodities, but prices are on seasonally increasing and remain above their five-year average, amplified by the depreciation of the gourde's exchange rate, the anticipation of a possible adjustment in fuel prices and the lean season. These high prices continue to deteriorate poor households' access to food, and therefore the food security of poor and very poor households.
Livelihoods remain disrupted, mainly due to high commodity prices. Very poor and poor households will therefore continue to adopt crisis strategies (consumption of early harvests, in particular mangoes, or seeds, sale of wood, reduction in the quality and/or quantity of meals, among others) or stressed strategies (including buying on credit, selling livestock, etc.) to maintain their current level of food consumption. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity is observed in poor neighborhoods of Port-au-Prince plagued by insecurity, in areas suffering from the residual impact of the earthquake, in those most vulnerable to climatic and price shocks and more dependent on the market for their consumption. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity is confirmed in areas that have experienced rainfall deficits or less affected by the 2021 shocks.
This Key Message Update provides a broad summary of FEWS NET's current and projected analysis of likely acute food insecurity outcomes in this geography. Learn more about our work here.