Key Message Update

The spring season begins in the context of the socio-political crisis and rarity of seeds

March 2021

March - May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The rains at the beginning of March prompted sowing activities for the spring season throughout most of the country. According to key informants, most areas are experiencing low seed availability in markets, due to the below average winter harvests, which could lead to limited planting. In Artibonite, agricultural production is disrupted, among other things, by problems with the irrigation canals, causing low water flow.

  • The socio-political context remains tense. In the capital Port-au-Prince, increased insecurity leading to kidnappings and increasingly violent protests hampers economic activity. The sporadic closure of businesses and schools and the limited functioning of markets negatively impact income opportunities, especially for poor urban households.

  • Although below the level of March 2020, the official exchange rate reached 79.17 gourdes on March 30, 2021. However, prices of imported basic products, strongly correlated with the informal market exchange rate which is around 95 gourdes, remain significantly above the five-year average. For example, beans and imported rice are 41 and 54 percent above average, respectively. 

  • Livelihoods are still disrupted, mainly due to low household purchasing power. In the midst of the lean season, very poor households will therefore continue to adopt crisis or stress strategies to maintain the current level of their food consumption. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stress (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity is therefore observed in most regions.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics