Key Message Update

Loss of income sources leads to food insecure households

May 2020

May 2020

La mayoria del pais está en fase 2, el corredor seco y zonas urbanas en fase 3

June - September 2020

La mayoria del pais en fase 1 gracias a la asistencia, con el corredor seco en fase 2 gracias a la asistencia

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • At the national level, restrictive measures have negatively impacted access to food for poor households dependent on the informal economy and remittances. For more than two months, households have experienced a reduction in income due to the closure of businesses and other sources of employment, leading to the use of coping strategies to cover their food needs, facing food insecurity in Stress (Phase 2, CIF).

  • The lean season started earlier than usual in the dry corridor, marked by dependence on the market and the accelerated use of income earned during the months of high demand for labor. Households were already using coping strategies to obtain food, when restrictions by COVID-19 made access to food even more difficult due to less mobility in the search for alternative sources of income and higher prices for basic grains, leading to Crisis (Phase 3, CIF) food security outcomes.

  • Although with low coverage, the Government has started aid programs such as the Bono Familia targeting 2 million households, the Economía Informal, targeting 200,000 workers and the Protección del Empleo Formal targeting 300,000 workers. The School Feeding Program has reached 2.4 million students in the public sector with food delivery equivalent to the daily allocation, while the COVID Food Support and Prevention Program for 1 million households has not started.

  • For the week of April 19-25, the Ministry of Health reports a significant increase in cases of acute malnutrition with 13,740 cases nationwide, 3.3 times greater than the average of the last five years. Twenty-one departments have increases compared to the same period in 2019, with Escuintla, San Marcos, El Progreso, Retalhuleu and Zacapa with the highest rates. In addition to a methodological change in data transfer, households have been running deficits and the COVID19 crisis has affected access to food.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics