Key Message Update

The number of people facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in the region will increase in the coming months

January 2016

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The ongoing El Niño caused one of the worst droughts in recent decades in Central America and Haiti during the primary 2015 agricultural seasons (Central America: May – August; Haiti: April – July), leading to extensive losses in production of staples for many small-scale producers across the region.

  • In Haiti, severe dryness associated with El Niño has led to crop losses that could exceed 50 percent of an average year. An early exhaustion of household stocks, low labor income-earning opportunities, and high prices for locally produced staples are leading to very high food assistance needs. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are likely in parts of the Plateau Central and Nippes, Sud-Est, Sud, Grand’Anse, Ouest, Nord-Ouest, and Nord-Est Departments.

  • In Central America, the 2015 drought, which followed successive years of poor rainfall in some areas, has left many poor households reliant on limited labor opportunities to fulfill food needs, particularly in Dry Corridor areas. Furthermore, although aggregate coffee production in Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua continues to recover from the impact of the coffee rust outbreak since 2012, El Salvador remains heavily affected, as do many small and medium-scale producers throughout the region. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are ongoing for the most affected households, with the greatest number of these in Guatemala. The number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected to increase until the beginning of the Primera harvests in August 2016, particularly in southern Honduras, eastern El Salvador, and northwestern Nicaragua.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics