Key Message Update

Casual labor season begins, improving food access

November 2019

November 2019 - January 2020

Los tres países se encuentran en fase 2 (estrés)

February - May 2020

Los tres países se encuentran en fase 2 (estrés)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Due to the losses of Primera harvests, the depletion of stocks and the high cost of basic grains, the poorest households are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity. However, some households among the poorest in underdeveloped communities are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and need food assistance.

  • The rain pattern of the last quarter of 2019 has allowed the good phenological development of Postrera basic grain crops (maize and beans) throughout the region, even in areas affected by low rainfall during the Primera; the bean is the crop with greater geographical coverage, with harvests beginning at the end of November.

  • The main income opportunities in the region for temporary employment at this time of year come from coffee and cane harvest, as well as local employment in the production of tropical fruit crops (watermelon, melon, rambutan) and tropical vegetables (tomato, chili pepper, onion and eggplant), as well as the production of tilapia and shrimp on the coast.

  • From a meteorological point of view, the transition to the dry season and cold fronts has already begun, which leads to an increase in respiratory diseases of the population, mainly affecting infants in the most vulnerable areas, as well as damage to crops in the highlands.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics