Key Message Update

Confinement and lack of employment are contributing to food insecurity in the region

May 2020

May 2020

Toda la región está en fase 2, Honduras y El Salvador gracias a la asistencia alimentaria

June - September 2020

El Salvador y Nicaragua en fase 2 y Honduras en fase 3

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The COVID-19 crisis has caused the loss of formal and informal employment in rural and urban areas, as well as the decrease in remittances. The loss of income and the increase in the price of basic goods contribute in Honduras and El Salvador to Stressed (Phase 2 !, CIF) acute food insecurity outcomes thanks to food assistance in June. Between June and September, El Salvador will remain in Stress (Phase 2, CIF) but Honduras will continue to suffer from the impact of sanitary measures and the previous poor harvest. Nicaragua will remain in Stress (Phase 2, CIF) between May and September with a possible deterioration due to the advance of the COVID-19 contagion.

  • As of May 27, COVID-19 monitoring records 4,401 confirmed cases, 459 recovered, 188 deceased in Honduras; 2,109 confirmed cases, 873 recovered, 37 deceased and 1,199 active cases in El Salvador; according to official source 254 confirmed cases, 199 recovered in Nicaragua.

  • To mitigate the effects of the crisis, the government of Honduras continues to distribute food rations for the Honduras Solidaria project, targeting approximately 1.2 million people and supplying the food requirement for approximately 12 days. El Salvador completed the transfer of USD300 per family, serving a population of approximately 1.5 million families (approx. 4.5 million people). In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock distributed food baskets through 262 municipalities in the country that will cover 1 million vulnerable families.

  • The first agricultural season (Primera) started in the region, with good vegetative development due to the behavior of the rains, except for areas with irregular rainfall; Climate forecasts indicate that average to above average rainfall is expected for the first season from May to August.

  • In the Tegucigalpa and Managua markets, the average price of grains has shown significant increases between March and April; corn rose between 8.4 and 17.7%, which can be attributed to the losses of the Primera 2019/2020 harvest; Red bean prices register higher increases, between 15 and 51%, due to seasonality and the impact of COVID-19. In the third week of May, Nicaragua and Costa Rica have decided to close their common border, disrupting commercial exchange from South America to Mexico.

  • In Nicaragua, the epidemiological curve of COVID-19 is on the rise, with the risk of the collapse of the national healthcare system, which could increase the economic deterioration that prevailed due to the socio-political conflict that began in 2018 and continues until now. If the government decides to close the activities, this would affect the income of the urban population and access to food.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics