FEWS NET is monitoring the multiple impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute food insecurity in the countries where we operate and will incorporate this analysis into our ongoing reporting.


Areas of Highest Concern

Reason for Concern

Conflict events periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets from conflict and floods has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Current Observations

Floodwaters have yet to fully recede in parts of Jonglei (especially in Ayod, Duk, and Twic East), impeding food assistance delivery. Southern Jonglei remains of highest concern.

Reason for Concern

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Current Observations

The number of daily reported COVID-19 cases increased rapidly throughout March. Enforcement of reinstated control measures in the south remains limited.

Reason for Concern

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Current Observations

Conflict increased in early march leading to an escalation in the rate of displacement and a decrease in humanitarian access. Populations still in areas of Dikwa LGA are of particular concern.  

Reason for Concern

In November, the significant uptick in conflict in Tigray due to tensions between the national and regional governments led to the disruption to the access of key income and food sources, such as labor migration and livestock sales. 

Current Observations

According to OCHA, while concerns over poor targeting and assistance not reaching those in greatest need, over 1.0 million have received a full food ration out of the 3.5 million who have received assistance in the Tigray region. 

Other Areas of Concern

Reason for Concern

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

Current Observations

The IPC workshop that took place in March 2021 indicates an increase in needs particularly in areas affected by conflicts. 

Reason for Concern

The ongoing macroeconomic crisis due to persistent low foreign currency reserves and increased USD shortages coupled with high import demand for essential food and non-food items is driving the rapid deterioration of the Sudanese pound.

Current Observations

Fuel and transport prices continue to remain high. Staple food prices are approximately 150-200 percent higher than last year and six times above the five-year average.

Reason for Concern

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Current Observations

Since the start of 2021, recent attacks in Niger and Burkina Faso have displaced over 21,000 people. 

Reason for Concern

Consecutive poor rainfall seasons including drought conditions for the 2020/21 season are expected to reduce agricultural production and food availability.

Current Observations

Despite slightly improved rainfall in February and March 2021, production prospects still remain poor.

Areas of Highest Concern

Country or Region Reason for Concern Observations
South Sudan

Conflict events periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets from conflict and floods has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Floodwaters have yet to fully recede in parts of Jonglei (especially in Ayod, Duk, and Twic East), impeding food assistance delivery. Southern Jonglei remains of highest concern.

Yemen

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

The number of daily reported COVID-19 cases increased rapidly throughout March. Enforcement of reinstated control measures in the south remains limited.

Nigeria

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Conflict increased in early march leading to an escalation in the rate of displacement and a decrease in humanitarian access. Populations still in areas of Dikwa LGA are of particular concern.  

Ethiopia

In November, the significant uptick in conflict in Tigray due to tensions between the national and regional governments led to the disruption to the access of key income and food sources, such as labor migration and livestock sales. 

According to OCHA, while concerns over poor targeting and assistance not reaching those in greatest need, over 1.0 million have received a full food ration out of the 3.5 million who have received assistance in the Tigray region. 

Other Areas of Concern

Country or Region Reason for Concern Observations
DRC

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

The IPC workshop that took place in March 2021 indicates an increase in needs particularly in areas affected by conflicts. 

Sudan

The ongoing macroeconomic crisis due to persistent low foreign currency reserves and increased USD shortages coupled with high import demand for essential food and non-food items is driving the rapid deterioration of the Sudanese pound.

Fuel and transport prices continue to remain high. Staple food prices are approximately 150-200 percent higher than last year and six times above the five-year average.

Bordering areas of Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Since the start of 2021, recent attacks in Niger and Burkina Faso have displaced over 21,000 people. 

Southern Madagascar

Consecutive poor rainfall seasons including drought conditions for the 2020/21 season are expected to reduce agricultural production and food availability.

Despite slightly improved rainfall in February and March 2021, production prospects still remain poor.

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About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics