FEWS NET is monitoring the multiple impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute food insecurity in the countries where we operate and will incorporate this analysis into our ongoing reporting.


Areas of Highest Concern

Reason for Concern

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Current Observations

Escalating intercommunal violence in Jonglei, the border region of Lakes and Warrap, and northern Unity is worsening food insecurity. UNMISS is now reporting some armed group involvement.

Reason for Concern

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Current Observations

Reduced remittances from abroad and some disruptions to domestic business activity are constraining access to income, with food prices expected to continue increasing in the coming months due to severe currency shortages.

Reason for Concern

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Current Observations

In mid-May, inter-communal conflict in Adamawa state displaced nearly 1,200 people. Conflict coupled with the continued transmission of COVID-19 the state government imposed an indefinite curfew from dusk to dawn.    

Other Areas of Concern

Reason for Concern

Ongoing conflicts in the Kasai region, North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, Maniema, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities. 

Current Observations

A new outbreak of Ebola has been confirmed in Equateur Province, while the country continues to fight an Ebola in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, as well as COVID-19, and a measles outbreak.

Reason for Concern

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

Current Observations

Following the first foreign exchange auction where the currency lost more than half its value, diesel and petrol prices increased by about 150 percent.

Reason for Concern

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. At least 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Current Observations

UNHCR has noted a sharp increase in attacks in the region in the past few months, where more than 3 million people are displaced, including at least 820,000 refugees.

Reason for Concern

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

Current Observations

An erratic 2020 gu/long rains season will contribute to mixed harvest prospects in June/July. New locust swarms are forming in northwest Kenya, eastern Ethiopia, and north-central Somalia.

Areas of Highest Concern

Country or Region Reason for Concern Observations
South Sudan

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Escalating intercommunal violence in Jonglei, the border region of Lakes and Warrap, and northern Unity is worsening food insecurity. UNMISS is now reporting some armed group involvement.

Yemen

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Reduced remittances from abroad and some disruptions to domestic business activity are constraining access to income, with food prices expected to continue increasing in the coming months due to severe currency shortages.

Nigeria

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

In mid-May, inter-communal conflict in Adamawa state displaced nearly 1,200 people. Conflict coupled with the continued transmission of COVID-19 the state government imposed an indefinite curfew from dusk to dawn.    

Other Areas of Concern

Country or Region Reason for Concern Observations
DRC

Ongoing conflicts in the Kasai region, North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, Maniema, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities. 

A new outbreak of Ebola has been confirmed in Equateur Province, while the country continues to fight an Ebola in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces, as well as COVID-19, and a measles outbreak.

Zimbabwe

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

Following the first foreign exchange auction where the currency lost more than half its value, diesel and petrol prices increased by about 150 percent.

Bordering areas of Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. At least 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

UNHCR has noted a sharp increase in attacks in the region in the past few months, where more than 3 million people are displaced, including at least 820,000 refugees.

Horn of Africa

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

An erratic 2020 gu/long rains season will contribute to mixed harvest prospects in June/July. New locust swarms are forming in northwest Kenya, eastern Ethiopia, and north-central Somalia.

.

Peak needs 2018

FEWS NET Data Center link

Scenario development video

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics