FEWS NET is monitoring the multiple impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on acute food insecurity in the countries where we operate and will incorporate this analysis into our ongoing reporting.


Areas of Highest Concern

Reason for Concern

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Current Observations

Heavy rainfall and flooding continue to displace populations and are threatening crop and livestock production along the White Nile River, especially in Jonglei and Lakes.

Reason for Concern

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Current Observations

Fuel shortages are ongoing in northern Yemen. High fuel prices are putting pressure. on food prices due to increased transport costs.  Meanwhile, an increase in desert locust presence is expected in the coming months according to FAO.

Reason for Concern

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

Current Observations

According to the government, in early September, flooding in the northwestern parts of the country displaced thousands of people and destroyed crops; over 25 percent planted rice crops were destroyed.

Other Areas of Concern

Reason for Concern

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

Current Observations

Nearly 60 civilians were killed in new violence in Ituri Province in mid-September which is expected to lead to new waves of displacement in the region.

Reason for Concern

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

Current Observations

According to WFP, unrefined maize meal is only available in about half of the markets that are monitored, though maize supply is expected to improve with increased imports. Maize grain availability continues to be low.

Reason for Concern

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

Current Observations

WFP reports on the difficulties that are disrupting humanitarian food assistance in the region due to the deteriorating security situation.

Reason for Concern

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

Current Observations

In Kenya, a WFP-led food security assessment in August confirmed atypically high Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes among households in informal settlements in Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu.

Areas of Highest Concern

Country or Region Reason for Concern Observations
South Sudan

Conflict events have declined, but periodically affect trade, humanitarian access, and livelihoods. The loss of livelihood assets during the conflict has reduced household food and income sources and eroded coping capacity. Very poor macroeconomic conditions constrain household market access.

Heavy rainfall and flooding continue to displace populations and are threatening crop and livestock production along the White Nile River, especially in Jonglei and Lakes.

Yemen

Protracted conflict has severely disrupted livelihoods and reduced income-earning. Food prices remain elevated and food access is inadequate for many households. Currently, over 17 million people are in need of humanitarian food assistance.

Fuel shortages are ongoing in northern Yemen. High fuel prices are putting pressure. on food prices due to increased transport costs.  Meanwhile, an increase in desert locust presence is expected in the coming months according to FAO.

Nigeria

Boko Haram attacks continue in the northeast, and insecurity in the northwest and central states are causing displacement of households and limiting access to livelihoods. Over 2.5 million people are currently internally displaced in these regions.

According to the government, in early September, flooding in the northwestern parts of the country displaced thousands of people and destroyed crops; over 25 percent planted rice crops were destroyed.

Other Areas of Concern

Country or Region Reason for Concern Observations
DRC

Ongoing conflicts in North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, and Tanganyika Provinces have caused continuing displacement and affected households’ abilities to access typical livelihood activities.

Nearly 60 civilians were killed in new violence in Ituri Province in mid-September which is expected to lead to new waves of displacement in the region.

Zimbabwe

Due to very poor macroeconomic conditions and the expected two consecutive poor seasons, atypically high humanitarian assistance needs are expected to continue throughout 2020.

According to WFP, unrefined maize meal is only available in about half of the markets that are monitored, though maize supply is expected to improve with increased imports. Maize grain availability continues to be low.

Bordering areas of Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mali

The deteriorating security situation is disrupting household access to livelihoods and markets. More than 3,000,000 people are displaced throughout the region.

WFP reports on the difficulties that are disrupting humanitarian food assistance in the region due to the deteriorating security situation.

Horn of Africa

The 2019 Deyr/short rains season was exceptionally above average, resulting in widespread river and flash floods. In some areas, this has slowed recovery from the previous 2018/19 and 2016/17 droughts. 

In Kenya, a WFP-led food security assessment in August confirmed atypically high Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes among households in informal settlements in Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu.

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Peak needs 2018

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About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics