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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Insurgent attacks persist in northeast Nigeria increasing humanitarian needs

March 2019

March - May 2019

Most of the country is in phase 1. Parts of the North is in Phase 2. Borno is in phases 3 and 4.

June - September 2019

Most of the country is in phase 1. Parts of the North is in Phase 2. Borno is in phases 3 and 4.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Elevated Risk of Famine - Phase 5 cannot be confirmed nor disproven with available evidence
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Elevated Risk of Famine - Phase 5 cannot be confirmed nor disproven with available evidence
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • According to the recent IOM-DTM assessment, a high percentage of IDPs in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe are living with host communities with limited livelihoods activities. Consequently, these households are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. Populations in hard to reach areas are likely facing similar or worse food security situation relative to adjoining accessible areas.

  • The IOM-DTM assessment have revealed an increased IDP population from 1.7 million people since December 2017 to 2.03 million people in October 2018 and four percent decline in January 2019 relative to October 2018 across Adamawa, Borno, Yobe, Bauchi, Taraba and Gombe states. Similarly, ETT-IOM report covering 4 – 10 March 2019, revealed a total of 2,102 population movements, including 1,713 arrivals and 371 departures. Most new arrivals are in Borno state.

  • Communal and farmer/herder conflict and armed banditry exacerbated by the general election is persisting in Plateau, Nasarawa, Taraba, Kaduna, Benue and Niger states. Similar occurrence is recorded in Katsina, Zamafara and Sokoto states. Market activities, access to pastoral resources and dry season harvest remain restricted in affected areas. Population displacement, kidnapping and fatalities are escalating and population in affected areas Katsina and Zamfara will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) at least through September 2019. 

  • Dry season harvest, land preparation and cassava harvest are currently underway normally across the country reducing trader speculations and increasing household stocks and income opportunities. Similarly, staple cereal prices remain stable in most markets and declining or slightly increasing in other markets across the country. However, with favorable cash crops and livestock prices, most households outside conflict prone areas are experiencing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food security outcomes. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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