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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Humanitarian needs in northeast Nigeria increase during the protracted lean season

July 2018

July - September 2018

October 2018 - January 2019

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Elevated Risk of Famine - Phase 5 cannot be confirmed nor disproven with available evidence
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Elevated Risk of Famine - Phase 5 cannot be confirmed nor disproven with available evidence
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Humanitarian actors have reached over 2.1 million people with food assistance in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states during the ongoing lean season. Households in the northeast impacted by the conflict continue to depend on humanitarian assistance for food access and are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3!), while others who are unable to access assistance are facing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes. There are areas that remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors, and outcomes are likely similar or worse than in adjoining accessible areas.

  • Preliminary results from the fifth round nutrition survey covering Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa indicate that there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of acute malnutrition (WHZ) in all domains in Borno state since the harvest period. IOM has reported an increase in population movement with over 7,000 new arrivals and almost 1,300 returnees registered between July 10 and 17, 2018. Similarly, 258 arrivals from Cameroon and 99 from Niger were recorded within the same period.

  • Staple food prices remain elevated across the country at the start of the lean season in July. However, this is slightly tempered by the favorable growing season leading to reduced trader speculation. National inflation also dropped nominally to 11.23 percent in June from 11.61 percent the previous month.

  • Outside the northeast, most poor households are engaged in normal livelihood activities including agricultural labor work, the sale of livestock and firewood, and generally typical levels of market purchase to access food as others, particularly in central and southern states, consume own production from early harvests. As such, much of the country is facing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity. However, households affected by farmer/pastoralists conflict in the central states and cattle rustling activities in the northwest are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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