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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Rainfall deficits have been recorded in the west, north, and center of the country

August 2018

August - September 2018

October 2018 - January 2019

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The rainfall season has started across most of the country with a poor spatial-temporal distribution. Compared to the 10-year average, there are significant deficits in rainfall accumulation in the center (Inchiri, Adrar, Tagant and Nouadhibou), the west (Trarza and Brakna) and the north (Assaba and Hodh Gharbi) of the country.

  • The atypically long dry spells affected the development of pasture in Trarza, Tagant and northern Brakna. Unlike in a typical year, pastoralists still purchase fodder to feed their animals. In agricultural areas, planting that started in late June is still continuing. Agricultural production, which is currently dominated by the tillering stage, may be compromised if rainfall stops before mid-October.

  • Consumer markets are well supplied with imported staple foods whose prices have been relatively stable since June. The supply of sorghum, maize, millet and cowpea remains low. Demand for seed led to a rise in prices between June and August. Transhumance has reduced the supply market supply of livestock at the same time the Tabaski feast increased demand, leading to higher prices for market livestock, a trend that will continue until the next lean season.

  • In rainfed agriculture areas and in the southeast of the agropastoral zone, improvements in pastoral conditions and water availability, income from agricultural work, and food and cash distributions are contributing to reducing food insecurity. In the west of the agropastoral zone and the center of the Senegal River Valley, the reduction in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes remains dependent on February/March 2019 harvests.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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