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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Poor pasture conditions are negatively affecting pastoral household incomes

May 2018

May 2018

Minimale (Phase 1 de l'IPC) avec un bande de Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) au centre du pays

June - September 2018

Minimale (Phase 1 de l'IPC) avec un bande de Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC) au centre du pays

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The early degradation of pastureland and water points in pastoral areas of the north and western Sahel regions, and in the Kayes and Koulikoro regions of the eastern Sahel, has led to a longer than average lean season. The decrease in livestock production and body conditions has decreased pastoral revenues and poor households’ access to purchased foods. In other parts of the country the pastoral lean season is normal.

  • Markets remain sufficiently supplied with cereals in most areas despite the seasonal decrease in availability and prices that remain above average. The decline in terms of trade for livestock/cereals in the pastoral areas and the early depletion of household stocks in production areas does not allow adequate market access for poor households.

  • The early lean season since March in northern pastoral areas, the western Sahel, the Goundam Lakes area, the Niger Delta and other parts of the country has led poor households to practice atypical coping strategies including decreasing non-food expenses, increasing income generating activities, and borrowing, to meet their food needs. As a result, they are in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) level of food insecurity.

  • In the areas mentioned above, very poor households are not able to meet their food needs without external aid or resorting to negative coping strategies such as selling productive means, excessive livestock sales, and reduction in the amount of food per meal or the number of meals per day. They will be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) level of food insecurity from May to September.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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