Key Message Update

Staple food prices continue their seasonal decline, but may remain close to average

January 2019

January 2019

February - May 2019

West Africa regional map, mostly Minimal (IPC Phase 1), with areas of Stressed (IPC Phase 2), Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in the Liptako Gourma and Lake Chad Basin regions

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Nigeria.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Nigeria.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The above-average 2018/19 harvests for cereals, pulses and tubers allow for the replenishment of household stocks and the acquisition of income through the sale of part of the harvest. This situation favors acceptable food consumption for the majority of households. The livestock feeding situation remains satisfactory despite early transhumance in eastern Burkina Faso, central Mali (Mopti), western Niger (Tahoua and Tillabéry), western Mauritania and northern Senegal due to low pastureland. Persistent civil insecurity in the Liptako-Gourma and the Lake Chad basin may limit access to pastoral resources.  

  • Market supplies remain satisfactory and are supported by new harvests while demand is seasonally low. Food prices are down compared to previous months and last year. They will continue to evolve according to seasonal trends throughout the 2018/19 marketing year, below last year but close to the average in most countries. Market disruptions with atypical prices persist in the Great Lake Chad Basin, the Tibesti region, northern and central Mali and the Liptako-Gourma region. Livestock markets, particularly for cattle, remain affected in some areas by insecurity and limited export opportunities to Nigeria.

  • Most areas will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) until March 2019. However, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity already affects poor households in the northwestern and southwestern regions of Cameroon and will affect displaced households in the north and center of Mali beginning in February, but also poor households in the Segou, Sikasso and Mopti regions who were victims of the 2018 floods, as well as those in the pastoral and agropastoral areas of Niger. 

  • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity will continue to affect the Diffa region of Niger due to the Boko Haram conflict and in CAR due to the armed conflict. The same is true in the Tibesti and Lake regions of Chad.  Households in northeastern Nigeria affected by the Boko Haram conflict continue to depend on humanitarian aid for access to food and are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4). In adjacent areas that remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors, the food situation could be similar or worse.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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