Key Message Update

Assistance and green harvests strengthen food security in Kanem and Bahr-El Gazal

September 2019

September 2019

Le Tibesti est en Phase 3, alors que le Lac en phase 2.

October 2019 - January 2020

Le Tibesti est en Phase 3, alors que le Lac en phase 2.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Assistance and fishing cover most of the food needs of displaced people in Lac and face Stress (IPC Phase 2!) acute food insecurity. They also have maize and millet that they regularly buy on the market. Households in Tibesti consume dried meat but have great difficulty in accessing usual sources of income and the market that is poorly supplied. They are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity.

  • Harvests are expected to be below average in Kanem, Hadjer Lamis and Bahr-El-Gazal, but the presence of green harvests (fresh corn, cassava, cucumber, etc.) earlier than in normal year, coupled with the annual food distribution for poor and very poor households, have helped to improve their situation and will no longer be food insecure (IPC Phase 1).

  • Cumulated rainfall recorded at the end of August are in surplus in most agro-pastoral zones; some mild to moderate deficits compared to the same period of 2018 are reported in Abeche, Biltine, Mongo, Kelo and Pala. Cereals (maize, sorghum, millet) are in heading and maturing stages. Declines in biomass are recorded in Biltine, Megri and Mamdi.

  • The availability of food products from commercial stocks is currently reinforced by the green harvests. Seasonal demand is atypical and decreasing due to good household stock levels and new crops in sight. Cereal prices are down in most markets, with the exception of imported rice, which is rising as a result of lower supplies.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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