Key Message Update

Food insecurity persists in conflict zones

April 2019

April - May 2019

Le pays est en phase 1, sauf Lac en phase 2 ! et le Tibesti en phase 3.

June - September 2019

Le pays est en phase 1, sauf Lac en phase 2 ! et le Tibesti en phase 3.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The closure of the Libyan border and the ban on traditional gold mining continue to limit household income and market access in Tibesti; they are in crisis (IPC, Phase 3). In Lac, the resumption of conflict continues to disrupt markets and livelihoods; most IDPs are under pressure (IPC Phase 2!) thanks to humanitarian assistance.

  • Although trade flows have been limited for several months, the closure of the border with Libya further limits food supplies to Tibesti. Household food stocks are at a low level and incomes have fallen sharply as a result of the conflict, limiting food consumption. In the Lake, humanitarian assistance stabilizes the food consumption of displaced populations and refugees, but some basic expenses remain limited.

  • Most poor households, outside Tibesti and Lac, have a level of grain stock that can meet their needs thanks to good rainfed cereal production in 2018, recessional crops (berbéré) and vegetable products. As a result, they rely very little on the market and are currently experiencing Minimal Acute Food Insecurity (IPC, Phase 1).

  • The markets are well supplied by the good rainfed cereals recorded in 2018. However, the Tibesti markets are experiencing disturbances due to the closure of the border with Libya. In Lac, the markets are functioning, but slightly below normal because of the upsurge of conflicts. The decline in cereal prices continues with the exception of rice-growing areas.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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