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Remotely Monitored Country
Remote Monitoring Report

Continued violence is disrupting humanitarian assistance and threatening livelihoods

June 2018

June - September 2018

Carte de la RCA en phase 3 de l'IPC ou en crise.

October 2018 - January 2019

Carte de la RCA en phase 3 de l'IPC ou en crise.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Since the start of the year, humanitarian assistance has been disrupted by the continued violence of armed groups, who pillage warehouses and hold up humanitarian convoys in several prefectures.

  • In the normal lean season, food insecurity is in a Crisis (IPC Phase 3) situation, which affects displaced and host households, particularly in areas that humanitarian assistance is unable to reach. Access to fields is limited due to security issues and households are relying more on wild products, generally having only one meal a day.

  • Continued and increased violence against the population may jeopardize agriculture production for the fifth consecutive year and continue to worsen livelihoods due to livestock thefts, house and cash crop fires, and households’ limited ability to develop other income-generating activities.

ZONE

CURRENT ANOMALIES

PROJECTED ANOMALIES

National

  • Security and humanitarian assistance has deteriorated since December 2017: over 3,261 security incidents have been reported, 63 of which targeted humanitarian organizations.
  • There are roughly 700,000 internally displaced persons estimated in the country (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – OCHA), with three-quarters concentrated in the Ouaka, Ouham, Ouham-Pendé, Bangui, Basse-Kotto and Haut-Kotto prefectures.
  • Difficulties accessing seeds and farming tools, particularly for recently displaced households. Host populations sometimes give these households a few cassava cuttings.
  • Agricultural production is likely to decrease compared with pre-crisis levels before 2013, as fields are being abandoned due to violence, animal damage, and lack of seeds and farming tools.
  • Stressed household incomes, due to livestock thefts by armed groups, harvest fires (cotton in particular), the collapse of the coffee sector and illegal taxes imposed on farmers and traders.
  • Households have limited access to staple foods (cassava and maize) and other basic products whose prices have increased and rely on humanitarian assistance and on consuming wild products.

PROJECTED OUTLOOK THROUGH JANUARY 2019

The persisting lack of security is hampering the return of internally displaced persons. Population movements remain highly active due to the violent acts of armed groups in all the country’s prefectures, particularly Ouaka, Haute-Kotto, Nana-Grebizi, Ouham and Ouham-Pendé. Health and drinking water infrastructures put in place by the government and its partners are sometimes abandoned because of the violence, with displaced people ending up on new sites. This puts more strain on host families’ resources, increasing the need for assistance.

Rainfall has remained satisfactory since April, even if slight overall deficits have been recorded in most prefectures compared with the ten-year average (Figure 1). Excess total rainfall in the West of the country (Ouham-Pendé and Nana-Maberé prefectures) could cause flooding as the rain continues. Torrential rain in early June in Bangui destroyed 270 houses, leaving roughly 2,800 people homeless.

Displaced persons whose resources have been pillaged or set on fire very often find it difficult to restart their agricultural activities, as they lack seeds and farming tools. The abandoned cassava fields are most often exposed to damage caused by animals. Moreover, those who do have plots with crops find it difficult to access them out of fear of reprisals by armed groups.

Wild products are the main source of food in areas where people have been recently displaced. Households are adopting negative strategies, in particular reducing their number of meals, in order to survive. Multi-sector assessments carried out last month by some non-governmental organizations (ACTED in Mbomou prefecture and Action Against Hunger in Ouham prefecture) found that over 80 percent of households (displaced, returning refugees and hosts) are managing with just one meal a day. Only one-third of households have access to food they produce themselves (cassava). The others depend on markets and eating wild produce (yams, fruit, caterpillars and mushrooms). It is also difficult for people to access other basic products (oil, soap and salt) because of high prices and low incomes.

Poor households, particularly internally displaced persons, primarily rely on humanitarian assistance. However, armed men holding up convoys and pillaging humanitarian warehouses and the threats to humanitarian organizations sometimes lead to humanitarian assistance being suspended. Furthermore, some populations take refuge in remote locations, which are inaccessible to humanitarian organizations.

Consequently, the drop in consumption, worsening livelihoods and limited access to other basic products are making poor households vulnerable to acute food insecurity at Crisis (IPC Phase 3) level, particularly in areas that humanitarian assistance cannot access. Even when new harvests become available in August and September, the lack of access to fields caused by the ongoing violence and armed groups setting houses and harvests on fire means that at least 20 percent of households in these areas will remain in a food insecurity crisis. However, in areas accessible to humanitarian assistance, households’ food insecurity is in a Stressed! (IPC phase 2!) situation.

About Remote Monitoring

In remote monitoring, a coordinator typically works from a nearby regional office. Relying on partners for data, the coordinator uses scenario development to conduct analysis and produce monthly reports. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than those from countries with FEWS NET offices. Learn more about our work here.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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