Key Message Update

Income-earning opportunities remain limited

April 2019

April - May 2019

June - September 2019

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The signing of the February peace agreement between the government and 14 armed groups, and the signing of the Bria agreement in April between six armed groups, could continue to reduce levels of violence. These agreements are supported by the formation of an inclusive government and the continuation of stakeholder consultations, with the support of the international community. Nevertheless, violent incidents against civilians have continued in the January-March quarter, including 70 incidents that affected humanitarian actors. These incidents are most prevalent in the sub-prefectures of Bambari, Batangafo, Bria, and Kaga-Bandoro, and continue to drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes.

  • Although restrictions on population movements due to conflict are slowly improving, income-earning opportunities remain limited for displaced households and poor households during the ongoing lean season. Current sources of income are mainly derived from the sale of wild food products (fruits, honey) in rural areas and the practice of petty daily trade (masonry, carpentry, handicrafts) and transport activities (motorcycle, taxi) in urban areas. In a normal year, households would have obtained income from crop sales and market gardening in the dry season (from December to March) as well as informal jobs with traders. Households outside conflict areas are likely to be Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

  • At the beginning of the lean season, relative improvements in security have helped to improve food availability in local markets. Prices of cassava and oil are relatively stable, while rice prices are down slightly (9 percent) compared to April 2018. However, maize prices are up an average 14 percent. Despite improvements at the national level, atypical price increases compared to April 2018 are observed in areas affected by insecurity or poor road conditions, which limit the functioning of markets. In the Obo and Zemio markets (Haut-Mbomou prefecture), cassava and rice prices rose by 167 and 58 percent, respectively, in April. In the north, rising demand has also contributed to a 50 percent increase in maize prices in Ndélé (Bamingui-Bangoran prefecture) and Kaga-Bandoro (Nana-Gribizi prefecture).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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