Key Message Update

Roadblocks in Nord-Ouest and Sud-Ouest regions are restricting market supply and assistance

September 2019

September 2019

October 2019 - January 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Rainfall in Nord-Ouest region has been regular since July, which has supported normal crop development and regeneration of pasture. As a result, early harvests of maize and groundnuts are becoming available and helping food security among IDPs and poor host households to remain at Stressed (IPC Phase 2). In the main departmental markets, staple food prices are lower than last year, by 35% for sorghum and 25% for maize.

  • In the Nord-Ouest and Sud-Ouest regions, harvests of yams, plantains, and maize are ongoing. However, recurrent roadblocks put in place by successions groups are hindering trade between the rural areas and urban areas where displaced households are most concentrated. Despite the harvests, a recent roadblock that lasted three weeks caused further price increases and the delivery of assistance. This has contributed to IDPs and poor households in urban reas remaining in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • The combination of agricutlural assistance by partners, good seasonal performance, and the return of IDPs is likely to result in harvests above the five-year average in Extrême Nord region. However, in Nord-Ouest and Sud-Ouest regions, the lack of access or abandonment of fields and poor upkeep of farmed areas is likely to result in the third consecutive below average season. In these regions, the lean season will extend into May, beyond the normal February to April period.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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