Key Message Update

Below-average dry season production limits availability of food in the Extreme North

March 2018

March - May 2018

June - September 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Poor dry season harvests of sorghum, compared to past years, are not sufficient to fill the deficit from the rainy season production. As a result, traders are taking speculative measures, which is leading to high cereal prices in markets. Despite administrative measures to ban the export of cereals to neighboring countries, in February cereal prices remained high throughout most markets in the region.

  • Average prices of sorghum and maize are respectively 51 percent and 29 percent higher than last year. Compared to the average prices over the past five years, sorghum has increased 43 percent and maize 23 percent. Livestock prices are still below average and coupled with poor production, prices have seen decreases of 57 percent in Maroua, 23 percent in Kousseri, and 57 percent in Mokolo compared to the five-year average.

  • Except for Logone and Chari departments where food distribution is concentrated, other departments of the Extreme North are seeing an early household demand at markets. Insecurity, marked by attacks by small armed groups that are part of Boko Haram, continues to negatively affect income opportunities.

  • In addition to the livelihoods distributions in Logone and Chari departments, cash transfer programs and livestock sales expected in the region, particularly in communities near the Nigerian border, have not yet started. The resulting high prices of staple foods and the low incomes are not favorable for household food access at markets. With the early depletion of stock beginning in April, household dependence on markets will increase and will place poor housholds and displaced household in Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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