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Remotely Monitored Country
Key Message Update

A longer and more difficult lean season than normal in the Far North

July 2018

July - September 2018

October 2018 - January 2019

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In the last three months, insecurity has decreased in the Far North Region, although there have been a few incidents by Boko Haram in villages boarding Nigeria and in the department of Diamare. The rainy season continues as normal and favors the continued development of normal agriculture activities. In comparison, the security situation has deteriorated in the Southwest and Northwest Regions with an increased number of IDPs, (over 180,000 displaced since the end of 2018, from Human Rights Watch) negatively impacting the ongoing agriculture season and other socioeconomic activities.

  • To get through this lean season, households will sell more livestock than normal with a 15 percent reduction in market prices compared to the period prior to the lean season. Households with only a few livestock, will borrow from market vendors or exchange manual labor on farms for food or money (1000 to 1500 CFA per day of work). In addition, adults will limit their meal consumption to one meal per day instead of the normal two meals per day for the lean season.

  • The opening of trade routes with Nigeria and Chad, cereal destocking by traders, and the dry season rice harvest favor a normal supply of cereals in the main markets across the region. However, due to the increased household dependence on the market during the peak of the lean season, the price of rainy and dry season sorghum are 29 and 38 percent, respectively, above their 5-year average. The price of corn remains stable, except for the Mora market in the Mayo-Sava department where the price is 27 percent increase.

  • Humanitarian assistance continues (distribution of complete rations with food and cash by the WFP and ICRC) to reach 25 percent of IDP and host populations. It continues to help stabilize food security for households to be in Stress (IPC Phase 2!) in the region. Starting in October, access to the new harvest will allow the majority of poor households to have normal food consumption. Although, the continued insecurity, does not allow households to recover their normal livelihoods.  

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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