Key Message Update

Concerning nutritional and security situations in the Sahel region

November 2018

November 2018 - January 2019

Toute le pays en Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC)

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The harvests already completed for maize and cowpea and those underway for millet and sorghum, are allowing households to replenish their stocks and have normal access to food. According to the projected production results (Ministry of Agriculture), cereal production is expected to be about 12 percent above the five-year average.

  • Good cereal production has had a positive impact on commodity prices on the markets. Prices are stable compared to the five-year average for maize, but slightly higher by about 8 percent for millet and sorghum, that’s harvests are still ongoing.  The marketing of cash crops at above-average prices also allows households to generate stable incomes for groundnuts (lower production) or higher incomes for cowpeas (higher production).

  • In the Eastern and Sahel regions, the security situation continues to deteriorate, with 37 security incidents recorded in January and 100 in October (OCHA, November 2018). Terrorist threats and attacks have displaced 39,731 people, more than 88 percent of whom are in Soum province. This has also lead to the closure of schools and health centers and disrupted the normal functioning of local markets, especially in the border municipalities of these regions.

  • Notwithstanding the concentration of malnutrition prevention programs carried out over the past four months, the nutritional situation remains worrying in the four provinces of the Sahel region with global acute malnutrition rates above the alert threshold ranging from 10.1 per cent in Soum province to 13.4 per cent in Séno province (DN, SMART, October 2018).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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