Key Message Update

Delays in agricultural activities and in the development of crops

July 2019

July - September 2019

Résultats de la sécurité alimentaire estimés en juin à septembre 2019: Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC)

October 2019 - January 2020

Résultats de la sécurité alimentaire estimés en juin à septembre 2019: Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Terrorist attacks and threats continue to lead to internal population movements to urban centers. In and around Soum Province, IDPs now constitute 20 percent of the population, and are dependent on humanitarian assistance for food since they have lost their livelihoods as a result of their livestock being looted and their homes and food stocks being destroyed. The distribution of humanitarian food assistance is being hampered by the ongoing insecurity, and food assistance is only reaching 10 percent of the population in these areas currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.

  • In the northern half of the country most affected by insecurity, host households’ and IDPs’ access to markets is reduced due to threats from armed groups, as well as the lack of money, due to loss of assets, to purchase food at markets. Main livestock and cereal markets are functioning well, but secondary markets are more isolated and inaccessible communes are experiencing supply disruptions and are also not frequented by households as often as normal. The reduction in flows from production areas, coupled with low demand, have led to an unusual drop in food prices of 20 to 30 percent in some markets in production areas, and 10 to 20 percent in less-accessible areas, compared to the five-year average.

  • The rainy season started off poorly with irregular rainfall in June that continued into the beginning of July. This led to cereal planting delays of 10 to 20 days. In the northern half of the country, ongoing displacement and insecurity prevent agricultural activities from being carried out or limit households to the cultivation of legume and other vegetable crops that can be grown closer to homes. As a result, the area sown for cereals may be below-average, but near normal for legumes that were sown on time and prioritized in these insecure areas.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

USAID logoUSGS logoUSDA logo
NASA logoNOAA logoKimetrica logoChemonics logo