Key Message Update

Poor households face increasing difficulty accessing food following further price increases

May 2019

May 2019

Zimbabwe project acute food insecurity, May 2019.

June - September 2019

Zimbabwe project acute food insecurity, June-September 2019.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes persist across most of the country mainly due to the poor 2018/19 harvests and escalating macroeconomic hardships. Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes prevail in semi-arid areas where humanitarian assistance continues to mitigate outcomes. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are anticipated to emerge in June across the country, but will most likely be temporary as poor households’ food stocks are expected to last only three to four months. By September, most of the country is expected to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • Following the government’s removal of fuel subsidies on May 20, fuel prices increased by nearly 50 percent. Transport fares rose by up to 100 percent for some routes as fuel shortages continue. Immediately following the fuel price increases, the currency devalued by 33 percent on the official interbank market while parallel market exchange rates devalued even further. This triggered further food and non-food commodity price increases. Official annual inflation for April was 75.86 percent up from 66.8 percent in March.

  • The Ministry of Agriculture second round crop production estimates indicate the 2018/19 maize production is about 776,600 MT, 59 percent of the five-year average. As market demand for maize grain remains high, maize prices continue to atypically increase in most markets for this time of year due to the poor harvest and deteriorating economic environment. Poor households, most of whom did not have a harvest and/or exhausted own-produced foods already, will increasingly face difficulties accessing market foods.

  • Most poor households across the country have below-average incomes from crop and livestock sales as a result of the poor performance of the 2018/19 rainy season and macroeconomic challenges. Limited water availability and access, especially in semi-arid parts of the country, is impacting self-employment activities such as brick molding, construction, and gold panning. Increasing macroeconomic hardships will continue to affect casual labor, remittances, petty trade, and other livelihood and coping activities, thus decreasing household purchasing power.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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