Madagascar flag

Presence Country
Key Message Update

Recent staple harvests will only last for one month in vulnerable areas of the south

July 2018

July - September 2018

Map of the current food security situation: Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in the south

October 2018 - January 2019

Map of the current food security situation: mostly Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and some Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in the south

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Due to favorable rainfall, rice field preparation has begun for the once-annual rice season in the central highlands. In the Southeast, where there are two annual rice seasons, farmers are transplanting the first season of rice which will be harvested in December. Cereal production this year is estimated to be near normal in both areas. Tuber production in the south ended in June and only lasted one month due to the poor rainfall this year.

  • Availability of staple foods in markets increased in June, and cereal prices seasonally decreased, as producers hoped to sell as much as possible to save income for upcoming holidays.  Nevertheless, prices for rice and maize remained 20 to 30 percent higher than the 5-year average and higher than last year. Prices of tubers, however, were less than the 5-year average and less than last year because of better availability. Dried cassava prices decreased compared to last month because of decreased demand, however sweet potato prices increased following the end of the harvest in the South.

  • With the benefit of the meager harvests that have occurred, levels of acute malnutrition slightly improved in the south but remained at “poor” levels (between 8 percent and 10 percent). The nutrition cluster also stated that humanitarian assistance related to nutrition has been strengthened in districts that were in alert during first quarter 2018 and had a positive impact on wasting in 7 out of 8 districts monitored in the South. Only Ampanihy district showed a deterioration of the situation and was in Emergency (Proxi-MAG above 15) according to a screening the second quarter of 2018.

  • Less than 20 percent of the population in districts classified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the south are receiving food aid and no emergency plan has been declared. A workshop led by the Ministry of Economy and Planning (MEP) and the National Bureau of Risk and Catastrophe Management (BNGRC), in partnership with UNDP and OCHA, will be held at the end July to plan an integrated humanitarian strategy for the Grand Sud of Madagascar focused on the recurrence of drought in the area.

  • Poor and very poor households in the southwest (primarily Livelihood Zone 23) are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity because of below normal agricultural production which caused stocks to deplete earlier than normal and households to atypically rely more on markets that are supplied with food from outside the zone that are more expensive. In the far south (primarily Livelihood Zone 24), food access improved after the sweet potato harvest, but food consumption gaps will persist due to below normal production keeping the area in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the west and in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in east of the zone.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

USAID logoUSGS logoUSDA logo
NASA logoNOAA logoKimetrica logoChemonics logo