Lesotho flag

Remotely Monitored Country
Key Message Update

Food insecurity further deteriorates in Lesotho

October 2018

October 2018 - January 2019

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Many poor households in Lesotho are currently facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The number of poor households facing these outcomes will continue to increase as household food access is decreasing with start of the lean season. Casual agriculture labor would typically provide household income to mitigate the situation; however, in-kind payments from labor and income are below average due to the poor 2018 harvest.

  • Markets remain well stocked, but staple food prices continue to abnormally increase. Poor households are atypically fully dependent on market purchases and as household income is below-average, household purchasing power is limited. However, better-off household’s income is improving with vegetable production, improving their capacity to hire casual labor. Though this does not directly benefit poorer households, it should improve labor opportunities as well as in-kind payments for poor households, mitigating the situation.

  • Agriculture activities including, land preparation and dry planting have begun in preparation for the upcoming season. Rain has started and has been erratic and below-average to date, although it is still early to determine if this represents the start of rains for successful planning.  The updated seasonal forecast indicates rainfall is most likely average associated with the weak El Niño. It is important to note there is a wide range of possibilities in the forecast associated with the weak El Niño and erratic behavior of the sea surface temperatures over the Indian Ocean.  

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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