Key Message Update

Limited harvest affects household ability to meet minimal food needs

July 2019

July - September 2019

October 2019 - January 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The majority of households are marginally meeting minimum food needs but are unable to meet basic non-food needs due to limited incomes. Typically, poor households in Lesotho receive about 25 to 45 percent of annual caloric needs from own crop production. This year with the reduced harvest, these households are only able to cover about 15 to 25 percent of annual calories from crops. As a result, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are likely from July through August, with some households in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Most households will likely start deteriorating to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in September.

  • Remittances from South Africa are currently a main income source. The LVAC Assessment conducted in May 2019 indicated that remittance income is becoming more common as a normal livelihood strategy in addition to a coping mechanism.Remittances are helping to mitigate the severity of the food security situation, as income from self-employment activities are below average. The LVAC assessment showed that crop selling decreased by about 64 percent while sale wool and mohair decreased by 70 percent compared to reference year levels.

  • Despite the below average harvest, maize meal market stocks are adequate and South African markets are expected to be able to fulfill any domestic deficits. Although maize meal prices are still stable, some gradual increases are being noticed. The coming lean season is likely to be earlier than normal and more severe than last year. Maize meal prices are therefore expected to increase to above average levels during this time, when almost all households will be dependent on market purchases.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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