Key Message Update

Delayed and erratic rainfall marked the first half of the season

January 2019

December 2018 - January 2019

February - May 2019

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Many areas across the region are experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes due to last year’s below average harvest and in some countries political and economic challenges. The rest of the region is facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes. Humanitarian assistance is mitigating outcomes in areas of DRC, Madagascar, and Mozambique. Even though in many areas the harvest will likely be delayed to April, food insecurity outcomes are anticipated to improve to Stressed (IPC Phase2) and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) with the harvest.

  • As of mid-January, parts of Angola, South Africa, western Zambia, Zimbabwe, northern Namibia, southern Mozambique, eastern Tanzania, western Madagascar, Lesotho, and most of Botswana have significant rainfall deficits of 30 percent or more. As a result, the most affected areas are anticipating a reduction in staple food production. This is anticipated to negatively affect household food security in the long term. Above average rainfall and flooding was received in Malawi, eastern Zambia, and northern Mozambique and Madagascar.

  • Due to below average rains, agriculture activities and labor availability for planting and weeding are below average in several countries. These are common labor and income sources for poor households, especially from November to January. In-kind payments from better-off households are being withheld to agricultural labors, mostly poor households, as they anticipate a poor season. However, starting in April, poor households are anticipated to start engaging in harvesting activities for income, but opportunities are anticipated to be below average.

  • Political and economic challenges continue to be the major drivers of acute food insecurity in DRC and Zimbabwe. In DRC, the continuation of localized conflict has displaced nearly 11,000 people and the effects of Ebola continue to disrupt livelihoods. In Zimbabwe, recent fuel price increases of about 150 percent will likely trigger significant price increases for all basic commodities, including food. As a result, poor households will likely struggle to access market foods.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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