Key Message Update

Agricultural season A begins in the midst of renewed hostilities in the Central-East

October 2018

September 2018

Carte de la situation de securite alimentaire, Stress(Phase 2 de l'IPC) dans le sud-est, Sankuru, les Kivus et Ituri. Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC) dans le region Kasais, Tanganyika, Ituri et Maniema. Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) dans le nord.

October 2018 - January 2019

Carte de la situation de securite alimentaire, Stress(Phase 2 de l'IPC) dans le sud-est, Sankuru, les Kivus, Maniema, et Ituri. Crise (Phase 3 de l'IPC) dans le region Kasais, Tanganyika, Ituri. Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) dans le nord.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners. FEWS NET only maps the Eastern half of DRC.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The harvests of the last two agricultural seasons in the northeast and central-east of the country have been below normal following the abandonment of crops due to the insecurity created by the resurgence of armed groups in the provinces of Maniema, Ituri and South Kivu, with nearly 122,000 newly displaced persons and climatic hazards. This situation has led to an early lean season and low supplies in local markets.

  • The Ebola response continues in North Kivu and Ituri provinces. Since the disease’s appearance on August 1, 2018, as of September 29th, there were 159 identified cases, including 127 confirmed cases and 32 probable cases. The impact of this epidemic on food security remains moderate at this time and could increase in the coming months if this situation persists.

  • According to a recent World Food Program (WFP) survey in August 2018, 70 percent of displaced, returnee and host households in the Beni region of North Kivu province are reported to be suffering from severe and moderate hunger. As the lean season evolves, one might expect increasingly difficult and worrying situations for these people, who will have to depend on food assistance.

  • According to NOAA forecasts, rains will return in September in central DRC, in October in most of the former province of Katanga and in November in southeastern Haut-Katanga province. These forecasts should allow farm households to follow normal planting calendars. Additionally, there is a low correlation with El Nino, with a higher frequency of below-average rainfall in the southernmost parts of ex-Katanga and parts of central DRC.

  • Since the beginning of this year, North Kivu has been experiencing an outbreak of Small Ruminant Plague that has caused the death of some 50,000 animals despite attempts by some organizations to respond. This situation could limit households' access to food of animal origin and significantly reduce the incomes of households dependent on this source for their food supply.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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