Madagascar

Pays où nous sommes présents
Juillet 2019

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Juillet - Septembre 2019

Map of Projected food security outcomes, June to September 2019: Minimal (IPC Phase 1) in all of the country

Octobre 2019 - Janvier 2020

Map of Projected food security outcomes, October 2019 to January 2020: Minimal (IPC Phase 1) in most of the country, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in the far south, and Crisis (IPC Phase 3 in the southwest

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Messages clés
  • The main rice harvest ended in June and production is expected to be greater than last year particularly in the Southern Highlands. Rice fields are now fallow or being used for off-season crops like vegetables. Meanwhile, cassava harvests are at their peak in July in the South, with overall production expected to be greater than last year and likely near average because of the favorable rainy season. Sweet potato production is expected to be above-average.

  • In most of the country, staple food prices have continued to remain the same or decreased in recent months, which has helped households access food following the end of the lean season in June. Both imported and local rice prices are similar to last year but above the 5-year average in the south. Maize prices in most of the south remain largely higher than last year and the 5-year average, due to below-average local production resulting from pests and lack of seeds, despite the favorable 2018/2019 rainy season. Dried cassava prices are higher than last year but below the 5-year average. Sweet potato prices are significantly lower than last year, and the 5-year average, in the south as a result of the ongoing above-average harvest.

  • The 176-kilometer drinking water pipeline from Ampotaka/Beloha to Faux Cap/Tsihombe has been operational since the end of June 2019. Six communes (Marolinta, Beloha, Tranovaho, Marovato, Nikoly and Faux Cap) will benefit from this project, with about 30,000 direct beneficiaries who are expected to get access to water points in their villages. Another 40,000 people living in surrounding areas will be able to source from distribution networks or pumping and storage stations. A 20-liter can will be sold at 120 Ariary, about 40 percent lower than current price. This water will be mainly used for human and animal consumption and not likely used for irrigation. 

  • According to the 2018 Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) conducted by UNICEF, the prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM) among children under five in Madagascar reduced by 2.2 percent in 5 years, from 8.2 percent in 2012-2013 according to the 2012 MDG survey to 6.0 percent in 2018-2019. Improvements are mainly observed in 9 regions in the North, West, Central Highlands, and around the Capital region, and some reduction was also observed along the east coast. However, the nutritional situation deteriorated in Vatovavy Fitovinany, Menabe, Analanjirofo, and Betsiboka, and remains above 10 percent. The situation stabilized in 8 regions of the South, the Southern highlands, the middle west, and middle east of the country.

  • The 2018/2019 rainy season was favorable to locust development in some parts of Madagascar due to the alternation of rain and heat. Locust swarms have been reported in the South, in Plateau Bara, and in the Center-South during the second quarter of 2019. Fortunately, the locusts had little impact maize since the amount planted during the first quarter was below-average and locusts do not eat cassava and sweet potatoes. Most damage was seen on rice and pulse crops. The National anti-Locust Center started treatment at early stage of the locusts’ development, which lessened their impact.  Damage to crop production is estimated to be less than 5 percent.

  • Food insecurity has reduced in vulnerable zones of Madagascar due to the harvests period. Poor and very poor households in Mahafaly Plain: Cassava, Goats and Cattle (MG 23) are experiencing  Stressed (IPC Phase 2).  In Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock (MG 24), poor and very poor households are also in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) expect in Beloha, as a result of a more severe lean season, and in southern Amboasary and Talagnaro, where rainfall was below normal and unequally distributed. Some poor and very poor households in these areas may be experiencing Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Other households throughout Madagascar are experiencing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.

Food Security Profiles

Marchés et commerce

Observatoire des Prix
Bulletins des prix

Supply and Market Outlook

Enhanced Market Analysis

Moyens d’existence

Carte des zones de moyens d'existence

About FEWS NET

Le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine est l’un des principaux prestataires d’alertes précoces et d’analyses de l’insécurité alimentaire. Constitué par l’USAID en 1985 pour aider les décideurs à planifier pour les crises humanitaires, FEWS NET fournit des analyses factuelles  concernant quelque 35 pays. Les membres des équipes de mise en œuvre incluent la NASA, la NOAA, le département américain de l ‘Agriculture (USDA) et le gouvernement des États-Unis (USGS), de même que Chemonics International Inc. et Kimetrica. Vous trouverez d’autres informations sur notre travail.

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