Observatorio de Precios

May 2019 Global Price Watch

Mayo 2019

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, current market supplies are regular. Supplies seasonally decreased at the end of the post-harvest period. Seasonal demand increased with the replenishment of stocks, but remains below average in several countries, despite Ramadan, due to sustained household stocks and reduced institutional purchases. Coarse grain prices in the Sahel were stable or seasonally increasing compared to March 2019, but closer or slightly below average levels. Above-average rice prices continued in coastal countries due to currency depreciation and inflation. Disrupted market activities persisted, with pronounced impacts on supplies and trade flows Greater Lake Chad basin, Tibesti region, and Liptako-Gourma region due to insecurity. Livestock markets remain affected by insecurity and limited export opportunities to Nigeria. Seasonal demand will continue with the depletion of stocks and increased market reliance throughout the region. Staple prices will increase but will be below last year and within average ranges in most countries.

  • In East Africa, staple food prices remained stable or increased seasonably across much of the region. Prices were atypically stable or declined in Somalia in April following increased supplies from delayed January-to-February harvests. Wheat flour prices remained stable at elevated levels in most markets in Yemen. Conflict and severe macro-economic instability continued to disrupt markets and sustain significantly high prices in Yemen, South Sudan and Sudan.

  • In Southern Africa, maize supply improved seasonally as the main 2019/20 harvest began. Maize grain prices were stable or decreasing in key reference markets except for parts of Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe that experienced several shocks during the main growing season and where harvests are either delayed or minimal. Maize grain prices remain above their year-earlier levels across the region. Maize grain was able to circulate between surplus and deficit areas without major trade restrictions excluding Zambia, where export restrictions were reintroduced in April for maize grain and maize meal.

  • In Central America, maize market supplies remained sufficient but continued to decline following the conclusion of the recent Postrera harvests, while availability from the recent bean harvests helped maintain supply levels across the region. Carryover stocks and imports also contributed to supplies. Maize and bean price trends varied in April. Prices trends varied in Nicaragua with maize prices declining in April at above-average levels while bean prices increased slightly at below-average levels. In Haiti, staple food markets are well supplied. Local maize and black bean prices increased in April while imported rice and maize meal prices were stable. Prices for both local and imported staples remain significantly above their five-year average levels and are expected to increase in the coming months due to concerns over abnormal dryness in the southern peninsula, weak macroeconomic fundamentals and an unstable socio-political climate.

  • Regional availability and price trends varied considerably across Central Asia with the progression of the 2018/2019 marketing year (MY). Due to prolonged periods of dryness and below-average cumulative precipitation, wheat production is expected to be slightly less than the previous year but almost equal to the five-year average. Regional wheat deficits are expected to be filled through intra-regional trade.

  • International staple food markets remain well supplied. Rice prices were stable while wheat, maize and soybean prices weakened in April. Crude oil prices increased for the fourth consecutive month, reflecting declining oil inventory and heightened market perceptions of oil supply risks. Global fertilizer prices decreased on average.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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