Observatorio de Precios

January 2019 Global Price Watch

Enero 2019

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, market supplies continued to increase in December with the progression of harvests. Coarse grain prices decreased seasonally month-to-month and remain below last year but near average. In contrast, rice prices remained elevated, especially in coastal countries where local currencies have recently depreciated and where inflation has increased. Markets activities remain disrupted and atypical price trends persist in insecurity-stricken Greater Lake Chad basin, Tibesti region, northern and central Mali, and Liptako-Gourma region.

  • In East Africa, markets remain severely affected by insecurity and significant macro-economic challenges in Yemen, South Sudan, and Sudan, resulting in significantly above average prices. Food and fuel prices declined in Yemen in December, driven by changes to import procedures and a reduction in the rate of depreciation of the local currency. Elsewhere, staple food price trends followed seasonal patterns across most markets in Eastern Africa and remained below average in Tanzania, Uganda, and Kenya.

  • In Southern Africa, domestic maize supplies declined seasonally with the progression of the lean season. Maize grain prices increased seasonally and were significantly above their December 2017 levels. December 2018 prices were significantly higher than the five-year average in the DRC, Madagascar, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Maize grain was mostly able to circulate between surplus and deficit areas, except for Zambia where administrative restrictions on exports have reduced both formal and informal exports during the 2018/19 marketing year. Although export parity prices increased significantly in South Africa, the country continued to export to both regional and international markets.

  • In Central America, maize and bean market supplies are near average and supported by the ongoing Postrera harvest, carryover stocks, and imports. Maize prices were above-average and stable in December while bean prices were below-average to average and seasonally decreased or were stable in December. In Nicaragua, ongoing political tension continued to affect markets and trade dynamics, putting upward pressure on maize prices. In Haiti, local maize grain prices increased while local black bean prices fell in key reference markets. Imported rice prices were stable even as the Haitian gourde depreciated further against the USD.

  • Regional availability and price trends varied across Central Asia with the progression of the 2018/2019 marketing year (MY). Due to prolonged periods of dryness and below-average cumulative precipitation, wheat production is expected to be slightly less than the previous year, but near average. Regional wheat deficits are expected to be filled through intra-regional trade.

  • International staple food markets are well supplied. Rice, soybean, and wheat prices were firm while maize prices exhibited mixed trends in December (Figure 2). Crude oil prices fell for a second consecutive month to below average levels, while global fertilizer prices exhibited mixed trends in December.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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