Observatorio de Precios

February 2019 Global Price Watch

Febrero 2019

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, market supplies are sufficient and regular, despite reported below-average cereal supplies due to withholding of stocks. Current demand is below-average mostly due to reduced institutional purchases. Coarse grain prices in the Sahel are decreasing or stable compared to the previous month and below last year but closer to five-year average levels. Above-average rice prices remained elevated in coastal countries due to currency depreciation and inflation. Disrupted trade activities and atypical market trends persist in insecurity-stricken Greater Lake Chad basin, Tibesti region, northern and central Mali, and Liptako-Gourma region.

  • In East Africa, markets remain severely affected by insecurity and significant macro-economic challenges in Yemen, South Sudan, and Sudan, resulting in significantly above average prices. Improved market supplies following recent harvests put seasonal downward pressure on prices in Uganda, Somalia, and Kenya. Prices increased atypically in Sudan due to the ongoing poor macroeconomic context. Livestock prices started to decline seasonally.

  • In Southern Africa, domestic maize supplies declined seasonally as the lean season peaked. Maize grain prices were stable or increasing rapidly particularly in Malawi, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe. Maize grain was generally able to circulate between surplus and deficit areas, except for Zambia where administrative restrictions on exports have reduced formal and informal export during the 2018/19 marketing year. Export parity prices for maize grain increased significantly in South Africa as the country’s international exports fell from December 2018 levels.

  • In Central America, maize and bean market supplies are near average and supported by the recent Postrera harvest, carryover stocks, and imports. Maize and bean prices generally followed seasonal trends in January, with maize prices increasing and broadly above average, and bean prices decreasing and broadly below average. In Nicaragua, ongoing political tension continued to affect markets and trade dynamics, especially marketing intermediaries. In Haiti, markets were adequately supplied. Local maize grain and black bean prices increased on average while imported rice prices were mixed. The Haitian gourde stabilized against the USD after depreciating significantly in late 2018.

  • Regional availability and price trends varied across Central Asia with the progression of the marketing year (MY). Despite prolonged periods of dryness and below-average cumulative precipitation wheat production is expected to be near average, but slightly less than the previous year. Regional wheat deficits are expected to be filled through intra-regional trade.

  • International staple food markets are well supplied. Maize and wheat prices were stable or increasing, while rice prices were stable or decreasing. Soybean prices were stable in most reference markets except in the U.S. Global crude oil prices increased marginally after falling for two consecutive months, while global fertilizer prices were stable or decreasing.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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