Observatorio de Precios

April 2019 Global Price Watch

Abril 2019

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, final cereal crop production was estimated at 73.2 million MT, seven percent above last year and 18 percent above the five-year average. Current market supplies are abundant, and demand is below average in several countries due to increased household stocks and reduced institutional purchases. Coarse grain prices in the Sahel are decreasing or stable compared to last month, and below last year but generally following average trends. In coastal countries, currency depreciation and inflation sustained above-average rice prices. Disrupted market activities and atypical trends persist in insecurity-stricken Greater Lake Chad basin, Tibesti, and Liptako-Gourma region. Livestock markets remain affected by insecurity and limited export opportunities to Nigeria. As for the outlook, seasonal demand and price shifts are expected from April, triggered by Ramadan consumption needs. Nevertheless, prices will remain near average in most countries.

  • In East Africa, staple food prices were seasonably stable in Somalia, Uganda, and Kenya but atypically stable in Tanzania because of ample availability from the previous harvest. The prices increased earlier than usual in South Sudan and most of Ethiopia as supplies tightened. In Sudan, prices continued to increase unseasonably because of worsening civil and economic conditions. Wheat flour prices were stable in Yemen. Conflict and severe macro-economic instability continued to disrupt markets and sustain significantly high prices in Yemen, South Sudan and Sudan. 

  • In Southern Africa, domestic maize supplies continued to seasonally decline as the peak lean season period progressed. Maize grain prices were stable or increasing in key reference markets except in South Africa where export parity prices fell after increasing for three consecutive months. In Zambia, administrative restrictions on exports have reduced both formal and informal exports during the marketing year (MY). Elsewhere, maize grain was generally able to circulate between surplus and deficit areas.

  • In Central America, maize and bean market supplies remained sufficient but continued to decline following the conclusion of the recent Postrera and Apante harvests. Carryover stocks and imports also contributed to supplies. Maize and bean price trends varied in March. In Nicaragua, the introduction of tax reforms began to have a direct and indirect impact of market dynamics and prices. In Haiti, markets were adequately supplied. Local maize grain and black bean prices were increasing on average while imported rice prices fell. The Haitian gourde stabilized against the USD after depreciating significantly in late 2018.

  • Regional availability and price trends varied considerably across Central Asia with the progression of the MY. Due to prolonged periods of dryness and below-average cumulative precipitation, wheat production is expected to be slightly less than the previous year but near the five-year average. Regional wheat deficits are expected to be filled through intra-regional trade.

  • International staple food markets are well supplied. Maize and rice prices were stable or increasing, while wheat prices were stable or decreasing and soybean prices weakened. Global crude oil prices increased for a third consecutive month, while global fertilizer prices decreased.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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