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Presence Country
Key Message Update

Delayed and below-average March - April rainfall likely to impact production

March 2019

March - May 2019

June - September 2019

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In Karamoja, household food gaps continue to widen as the lean season progresses, driven by limited income-earning opportunities and rising food prices. Sorghum retail prices in Karamoja reference markets remained above the 2018 average in February, but below the five-year average. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes prevail, mostly in Kotido and Kaabong. In bimodal areas, favorable staple food prices continue to sustain household food access despite below-average income from agricultural labor and seasonal declines in household food stocks, maintaining Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes. Although prices are seasonally increasing, they remain below the 2018 average and near to below the five-year average.

  • March rainfall was delayed and below-average across bimodal Uganda, attributed in part to tropical cyclone Idai in southern Africa, which drove moisture away from the East Africa region. Planting has not been completed in most of Uganda, while crops in the south are currently experiencing poor germination and moisture stress. Cumulative March to May rainfall is now most likely to be near average, though uncertainty exists due to a forecast of poor temporal distribution of rain in April, a critical crop growth period.  This is likely to delay arrival of the green harvest and, should rainfall deficits be sustained, lead to below-average crop production.

  • In Karamoja and bimodal cattle corridor districts, pasture and water resources remain below average, according to field reports. Although cumulative unimodal rainfall in Karamoja (April-September) is forecast to be average, below-average rainfall in April is likely to impede planting. Cattle body conditions are below average to poor, with significantly declining productivity and sale value. Body conditions among other species are expected to deteriorate until the rains are established. Rangeland resource recovery is likely to occur more slowly, reducing productivity.

  • An estimated 7,168 people from South Sudan and 6,922 from DRC arrived in Uganda in  February 2019, according to UNHCR and the government of Uganda. While last seasons’ harvests have been exhausted, refugees in all settlements continued to receive a full ration in February and March. However, planned humanitarian food assistance is only partially funded through May. Delayed rainfall has similarly affected households with an arable plot, causing delays in planting that will lead to delays in harvest availability. Both populations remain Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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