Key Message Update

Adequate rains at start of season bode well for above-average June harvests

March 2018

March - May 2018

June - September 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The 2018 B cropping season (March-June) is underway, with successful planting efforts as the rains started on time and have been fairly well-distributed. With a generally favorable March-May rainfall forecast, the next harvest is likely to be average to above average, similar to 2018 Season A. With continued good food availability and access, the country is expected to remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1). However, during the April-May lean season, some poor households in localized areas in Eastern Province that had below-average Season A production, may be in Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

  • According to the National Institute of Statistics, staple food prices have remained relatively stable since December 2017. In February, they were 7.4 and 10 percent lower than a year ago at the national and rural levels, respectively, improving poor household purchasing power. Ahead of the lean season, as poor households typically depend more on markets to meet their food needs, there are sufficient income-earning opportunities from farm labor and public work projects. The Government of Rwanda’s expanded social protection programs are also facilitating food access.

  • Due to continued funding gaps, WFP is only able to provide 75 percent of daily food rations to over 173,000 refugees in camps. In February, this triggered violent clashes between refugees in Kiziba camp and police, resulting in 11 deaths. Despite this, nearly 2,600 Burundian refugees from the DRC, who were fearing forceful deportation to Burundi, fled to Rwanda in February. In the absence of assistance, the refugee camp population would likely be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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