Key Message Update

Food insecurity expected to worsen at the peak of the lean season in many areas

August 2019

July - September 2019

October 2019 - January 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET continues to monitor food security conditions in areas mapped in gray.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET continues to monitor food security conditions in areas mapped in gray.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In July, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes remained widespread in pastoral and agropastoral areas in Somalia, northern and eastern Kenya, Karamoja sub-region of Uganda, and Oromia and Somali regions of Ethiopia. Below-average milk availability, declining livestock-to-cereals terms of trade, and below-normal livestock assets have reduced food access for pastoral poor households. In Kenya and Somalia, bimodal harvests have been delayed to August/September and are expected to be significantly below average to failed. Although the Karamoja harvest and Ethiopian Belg harvest are similarly delayed, improved rainfall in June and July has boosted production prospects in Karamoja and in Ethiopian Meher-dependent areas. Overall, reduced food and milk intake is driving atypically high global and severe acute malnutrition prevalence, and food insecurity is likely to worsen through the peak of the pastoral lean season in September and October.

  • Most areas in South Sudan and Yemen continue to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes. In both countries, the reach of humanitarian assistance remains significantly below the estimated population in need and a risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) persists. In South Sudan, an estimated 21,000 people are likely in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) in parts of Jonglei, Lakes, and Upper Nile. Food consumption gaps are widening at the July/August peak of the lean season, and critical to extremely critical levels of global acute malnutrition have been observed in greater Upper Nile and in Bar el Ghazal, Jonglei, and Lakes states, according to recent nutrition SMART surveys. In Yemen, increased conflict in Aden risks further instability and worsened food insecurity. Although WFP has indicated that an agreement with Sana'a-based authorities will allow them to resume distributions after a short-term suspension, the severity of food insecurity may increase in the near term with temporary ration cuts.

  • Poor and internally displaced (IDP) households in conflict-affected areas in Ethiopia and Sudan are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase) or worse outcomes through late 2019. IDPs in Gedeo Zone of SNNPR region of Ethiopia have missed three agricultural seasons and are not expected to have own production to meet their food needs until November/December 2019. IDP and poor households in SPLM-N controlled areas of South Kordofan and parts of Jebel Mara in Darfur have limited access to food and labor markets, resulting in large food consumption gaps, and they are likely to be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) through September. In Sudan more broadly, deterioration in national macroeconomic indicators and below-average crop production have driven sorghum prices 100-300 percent higher than the five-year average. Household purchasing power and coping strategies have been eroded while food consumption gaps have expanded, exacerbating widespread acute food insecurity.

  • As of late June, more than 47,000 South Sudanese refugees have returned to South Sudan since the signing of the September 2018 peace agreement, while nearly 73,000 Burundian refugees have repatriated to Burundi since September 2017. An estimated 4.28 million refugees remain displaced in refugee settlements across the region, primarily due to protracted or on-going conflict and insecurity. Food and non-food assistance have upheld Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes in most refugee settlements through July. In settlements in Uganda, however, anticipated funding pipeline breaks are expected to lead to ration cuts as early as August, which would likely lead to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are prevalent among IDP settlements in Somalia.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

USAID logoUSGS logoUSDA logo
NASA logoNOAA logoKimetrica logoChemonics logo