Key Message Update

Food security Emergencies continue in Ethiopia, South Sudan, and Yemen

December 2015
2015-Q4-12-30-east-africa-en

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Following the worst drought in more than 50 years, a major food security Emergency continues in eastern and central Ethiopia. Poor 2015 rainfall, largely attributable to the ongoing El Niño, has severely reduced agricultural and pastoral resource production. Poor households in southern Afar and northern Somali Regions are already experiencing Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, and the breadth and severity of impacts in central and eastern Ethiopia are expected to expand through much of 2016.

  • Protracted conflict in South Sudan, Burundi, parts of Sudan, and Yemen continues to contribute to high levels of displacement within and beyond national borders. By mid-December, an estimated 5.1 million had been displaced by conflict in South Sudan, Burundi, and Yemen in addition to the already 195,000 people displaced in Darfur and Blue Nile states in Sudan. Productive capacities are limited as most displaced have lost their land, shelter, livestock, food stocks, and farm assets.

  • In South Sudan, food insecurity worsens in conflict-affected areas in the Greater Upper Nile states, especially Unity. Worst-affected areas are in Guit, Koch, Leer, and Mayendit counties, in Unity state. Many households are displaced, isolated and have little or no access to typical food sources, markets, water and sanitation, humanitarian assistance, and protection. Insecurity and sporadic conflict has also spread to relatively more secure areas, including the Greater Equatoria states, Lakes, and Warrap.

  • Across much of the east of the region, well above-normal October to December rainfall attributable to the ongoing El Niño has sustained favourable agricultural production prospects for late 2015 and the first quarter of 2016. However, El Niño-related dryness in eastern Sudan, pastoral and agropastoral areas of Somalia, as well as in Ethiopia, has significantly impacted production for many. Access to food and income is expected to deteriorate markedly in many of these areas.

     

    For more detailed analysis, see the Regional Food Security Outlook for November 2015.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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