Burundi flag

Remotely Monitored Country
Key Message Update

Well-distributed rainfall improves prospects for average to above-average harvests

April 2019

April - May 2019

Map of Burundi illustrating a yellow outline to represent Stressed (IPC Phase 2) conditions

June - September 2019

Map of Burundi illustrating a yellow outline to represent Stressed (IPC Phase 2) conditions

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In April, generally average and well-distributed rainfall has been favorable for crop growth, except in localized areas of Makamba and Cankuzo provinces where it was below-average and erratic. Based on observed crop growth to date and given the forecast of average May-June rainfall, Season B harvests are expected to be average to above average. With staple food prices remaining below the 2018 average, most households are expected to meet their minimum food needs through September. However, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are likely in parts of provinces prone to natural hazard shocks, such as Ruyigi and Kirundo, where poor households are still unable to meet some essential non-food needs.

  • In localized areas of Kirundo province that had significant season 2019 A production deficits, particularly in Busoni Commune, most poor households have recovered to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) through expanded vegetable production along neighboring lakes, semi-perennial crop production, and food purchases. After WFP distributed 30-day rations in March, agricultural labor demand and wage rates rebounded to near-normal levels, driven by Season B activities. Household income is expected to remain normal through September, given positive prospects for May/June harvests. The very poor are also receiving non-emergency cash transfers from social safety net programs, most significantly from a program implemented by Concern Worldwide.

  • At the national level, the Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (ISTEEBU) reports that staple food prices in March were 8 percent below March 2018. According to key informants, prices of maize, rice, bananas, roots, and tubers in Kirundo remain lower in April 2019 than one year ago, but the price of beans is about 25 percent higher. Due to above-average aggregate crop production in season 2019 A and likely average to above-average Season 2019 B production in May/June, food prices are likely to decline in June and remain relatively stable until early September.

  • Of ongoing concern are an estimated 125,000 IDPs and 43,000 Congolese refugees living in settlements, as well as some of the 62,000 repatriated Burundian refugees who have voluntarily returned from Tanzania but have not yet been able to resume their former livelihood activities. WFP provides a 3-month of food and cash return package to newly arrived returnees, including 3,700 arrivals in February 2019. These populations of concern are most likely Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!), but many would be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the absence of assistance.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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