Key Message Update

Poorest households in the Dry Corridor face difficulties to access food

May 2019

April - May 2019

Most of the region in phases 1 and 2, except for dry corridor in Guatemala and certain areas in Haiti in phase 3.

June - September 2019

Most of the region in phases 1 and 2, except for dry corridor in Guatemala and certain areas in Haiti in phase 3.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • A weak El Niño event is underway, forecasting temporary and spatial irregularity of precipitations and above average temperatures that might have an impact on Primera and Postrera growing seasons in the Dry Corridor of Central America. In Haiti, after months of low rainfall, irregular though near normal precipitation was observed. Land preparation activities have started in some parts of the region.

  • In Central America, maize and beans supply remained sufficient due to carryover stocks and imports. Maize and bean prices trends in March were mixed: bean prices remained stable meanwhile maize prices were above average, driven by speculation and losses of 2018. In Haiti, local maize and black bean prices increased. The Haitian gourde indicates a short term stability against the USD, however, it is expected to keep depreciating in the upcoming months.

  • The coffee price in March 2019 was the lowest since October 2006. This will affect the investment in the upcoming production season, which combined with the increase of the coffee rust may harm small farmers and migrant laborers. They will resort to coping strategies including selling their livestock, spacing meals and reducing rations. In Haiti the erratic rainfall and deterioration of purchasing power due to inflation pushed the poorest to engage in negative coping strategies.

  • The early start of the lean season has led poor households in Stressed (IPC, Phase 2) food security, due to crop losses, high food prices and livelihoods deterioration. The poorest households in the Dry Corridor of Guatemala and certain areas in Haiti will face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) food security outcomes due to their dependence on market purchase earlier than expected and restricted labor opportunities that will lead to engaging in negative coping strategies.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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