Key Message Update

Households are coping to meet needs in the Dry Cooridor

March 2019

March - May 2019

Most of the region in phases 1 and 2, except for dry corridor in Guatemala and certain areas in Haiti in phase 3.

June - September 2019

Most of the region in phases 1 and 2, except for dry corridor in Guatemala and certain areas in Haiti in phase 3.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In Central America, weather conditions generated by the presence of weak El Niño could cause irregularities during the first rainy season with temperatures above average negatively impacting the development of Apante and Primera crops. In Haiti, rainfall during January and February favored agricultural activities in the Great South and in the humid mountains in the West and Southeast.

  • Maize and bean market supplies are near average in Central America supported by Postrera harvest, stocks, and imports. Maize prices are increasing seasonally and remain above the 5-year average, while bean prices are below average. In Haiti, markets are well supplied while food prices are significantly above average. The Haitian gourde has been depreciating against the USD for several months, however, very recent observations could indicate stabilization.

  • The season of high labor demand (October-March) in Central America temporary improved access to food. Poor households’ income relies on labor for production of tropical fruit, sugarcane, shrimp and mainly coffee harvest depending on the location. The low international coffee prices have deteriorated the situation of small-scale producers as well as casual workers.

  • The poorest households of subsistence farming in the Dry Corridor of Central America and certain areas in Haiti who suffered crop losses are relying on the market earlier than usual and are engaging in Crisis coping strategies. They will be facing Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) Food Security outcomes, particularly in Haiti, Guatemala and Honduras. The rest of the region will be in Stressed or Minimal (IPC, Phase 1 and 2) Food Insecurity.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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