Key Message Update

Continued impact of poor Primera rainfall

December 2018

December 2018 - January 2019

Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador and part of Guatemala are in phase 2.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Subsistence farmers experienced losses from the Primera season, and irregular rainfall during September and October affected the Postrera crops in Honduras and El Salvador. Rainfall irregularities are expected during the next quarter, with average to below average precipitation that could affect the Apante crop cycle in Nicaragua. In Haiti, rainfall has improved crop development in most areas.  

  • In Central America, income opportunities for coffee laborers will be limited due to low international coffee prices.

  • Maize and bean market supplies in Central America are near average, supported by the recent Primera harvest, carryover stocks, and imports. Maize prices remain above average despite seasonal decreases in October in Central America. Bean prices are below average with the exception in Honduras. In Haiti, local maize and exported rice prices increased slightly while local black bean prices are stable; however, all food prices remain above average.

  • Food access will temporarily improve due to the reduction of basic grain prices and the beginning of the high season for agricultural labor demand. However, households in the Dry Corridor that faced Primera losses, and whose main income comes from the coffee sector, still maintain a limited food consumption.

  • Most households in the region face Minimal and Stressed (IPC, Phase 1 and 2) food insecurity. However, certain households, including vulnerable households in the Nord-Est, Nippes and Nord-Ouest in Haiti and the Dry Corridor in Central America face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) food security outcomes.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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