Key Message Update

Prices of basic grains remain above average, restricting food access for the poorest households

August 2019

August - September 2019

Guatemala's dry corridor indicates areas in Phase 3, as well as certain areas in Haiti. El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua are in Phase 2.

October 2019 - January 2020

Guatemala's dry corridor indicates areas in Phase 3, as well as certain areas in Haiti. El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua are in Phase 2.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The Central American Climate Outlook Forum forecasted below average cumulated precipitations for the August – October period, particularly in localized areas of Honduras and Nicaragua. In the southeastern region of Honduras, Central and Northern Nicaragua and the Dry Corridor in Guatemala, Primera crops have been affected due to irregular rainfall. In Haiti, below average precipitations have impacted Spring crops while Summer harvest remains uncertain.

  • Prices of basic grains in Guatemala are showing a seasonal increase but remain stable compared to previous month in the rest of Central America, however above average for maize, due to commercial speculation. In Haiti, despite a seasonal decline, prices of maize, beans and imported rice remain above last year’s prices and the five-year average.

  • The sources of income for the poorest households are currently limited to agricultural casual labor, which is affected by drought. Although, regions with access to livestock and fish farming and tropical fruit production will have employment opportunities. In Haiti, activities for the summer campaign have started, with a relative increase in demand for labor.

  • The households of the poorest farmers who have depleted their stocks due to many consecutive years of crop losses are likely to rely on the market for a longer period than usual and prices above average restrict their food access. They are engaging in crisis strategies, including consuming less nutrition food, reducing frequency and quantity of meals and migrating to unusual areas to find sources of income.

  • The poor households whose livelihoods are deteriorated and have a limited access to non-basic food needs, will be in Stress (IPC, Phase 2). However, the poorest households, described above, with no stocks after crop losses, who are applying copying strategies as reducing quality and quantity of meals and migrating to obtain their income, will face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3), in areas of Guatemala and Haiti.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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