Key Message Update

Ongoing harvest improved by October and November rainfall

November 2018

November 2018 - January 2019

L'ensemble du pays se trouve en phases 1 et 2 de l'IPC.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Rainfall has improved with the exception of the Nippes and in the Nord-Ouest department. This positively impacts crop development, with the exception in the Nord-Est, where excess humidity compromises bean and rice harvests. In addition to the summer and fall harvest, plowing activities are launched for the winter season. In rice-growing areas, harvests continue in parallel with the transplanting activities. In the Centre, peanuts and pigeon peas have been harvested since October.

  • Demand for agricultural workers is low, and most very poor households engage in subsistence activities, such as petty trade and charcoal sales. Along the border, migration continues to be an alternative given the country's deteriorating socio-economic conditions.

  • Between September and October, prices of imported rice and local maize increased slightly (1 and 3 percent respectively), while black beans prices fell by 1 percent. Nevertheless, prices for all three crops remain above the five-year average, limiting food access for the poorest households.

  • Most regions are expected to face Minimum (IPC, Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC, Phase 2) food security outcomes. A limited number of households in drought-affected areas in the Nord-Est, who are still struggling to recover, or who live in highly vulnerable localities in the Haut-Plateau, Nippes and Nord-Ouest will face Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) food security outcomes.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 34 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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