Key Message Update

El Niño conditions could delay the rainy season

March 2019

March - May 2019

La plupart du pays est en phase 2, sauf une partie du sud-est, sud-ouest et nord qui sont en phase 3

June - September 2019

La plupart du pays est en phase 2, sauf une partie du sud-est, sud-ouest et nord qui sont en phase 3

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Livelihoods are deteriorating as a result of rising commodity prices and drought, particularly in the Nord-Est. The poorest households continue to use negative coping strategies, and some regions remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Stress (IPC Phase 2).

  • Markets are well supplied with local products: roots and tubers, bananas and market garden products; but their prices remain high. The price of imported rice, in particular, increased approximately 9% between January and February. The increase is significant in Port-de-Paix (more than 22%), Gonaïves (18%) and Port-au-Prince (between 12 and 18%). The subsidy of basic necessities, including rice, has not yet produced the desired effects.

  • The February rains favored agricultural activities in the far south and the humid mountains, where rice fields, maize, bean and market garden crops bode well.

  • However, municipalities in the departments of Ouest, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Centre and Nippes are still struggling with drought, which could delay the sowing despite the start of land preparation that calls for an increase in the demand for agricultural workers.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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