Key Message Update

Livelihoods are affected by 2018 climate shocks

January 2019

January 2019

La plupart du pays est en phase 2, sauf quelques zones en phase 1 et 3.

February - May 2019

La plupart du pays est en phase 2, sauf quelques zones en phase 1 et 3.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Rainfall conditions are close to normal in January. These conditions are sufficient for the development of winter crops such as beans, except in areas still affected by drought, particularly in the North and Northeast. Significant root and tuber crops, as well as banana and breadfruit picking, are currently supplying markets until May.

  • The demand for agricultural labor is low, however, non-agricultural sources of income such as migration, charcoal sales, petty trading, and coping strategies are alternatives to the poorest in order to access the food.

  • Unlike local maize, prices of imported beans and rice have shown relative stability but remain high and above their five-year average. Prices for products such as milk, oil, pasta and condiments, on the other hand, are rising significantly.

  • In this context, most regions are in Stress (IPC, phase 2), while some areas severely affected by the drought in 2018 are in Crisis (IPC, phase 3).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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